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Imperial Russian Orders & Medals Catalogue - Order of Saint Andrew - Order of Saint Catherine - Order of Saint Alexander Nevsky - Order of Saint George -

Order of Saint Vladimir - Order of Saint Anna - Order of Saint Stanislaus - Order of the White Eagle - Soldiers' Medals for Bravery & Merit - Commemorative Medals


 
   
 
Tsar Nicholas II in Naval Uniform.


The Order of Saint Andrew the First-Called was established by Tsar Peter I in 1698.  The Order is recognized as the most senior of all of the Imperial Russian awards. Recipients of the Order automatically became Knights of The Orders of Saint Alexander Nevsky and White Eagle; and First Class of the Orders of Saint Anne and Saint Stanislas.

During his lengthy visit to Western Europe, Tsar Peter witnessed the pomp and splendour of the royal courts, with sovereigns and courtiers wearing decorations and medals.  When he returned to Russia in September 1698, he decided to adopt the Western style and created Imperial Russia's system of orders and medals.

The Order of Saint Andrew could only be awarded at the sole discretion of the Tsar and is reserved for royalty, nobility and senior foreign dignitaries.  Initially, the Order had only one class and two divisions (military and non-military); from 1797, onwards, Tsar Paul I established a new, more senior class of the Order, in which the insignia were decorated with diamonds.

All of the following are available for special order.  Please email us at lmt@kaiserzeit.com for further information.


The regalia of the Order consisted of  three parts:

1.  Order of Saint Andrew Collar:  A golden collar, which was only to be worn on state occasions, consisting of 17 polychrome enamlled medallions and the Badge Appendant. (Only available by special order).


2.  a) Order of Saint Andrew Badge:  Consisting of St. Andrew on the cross superimposed upon the Imperial eagle and surmounted by the Imperial Russian Crown.  The letters: "S.A.P.R.," which stands for: Santus Andreas Patronus Russiae (Saint Andrew Patron of Russia), appear at the end of each arm of the cross. When the Badge was not attached to the Collar as the Badge Appendant, it was worn on the left hip, suspended from a powder blue sash. Badges of the Order ranged in size from 67 to 83 mm. (Please check for availability and pricing):


     b) Order of Saint Andrew Badge with Swords:


 


      c) Order of Saint Andrew Badge with Brilliants:


 


3.  The eight-pointed silver Star of the Order of St. Andrew bears a medallion with with the inscription: "For Faith and Loyalty" encircling the crucified St. Andrew superimposed on the Imperial Russian eagle. The military division of the Order has crossed swords placed under the medallion.  Where a military recipient of the Order later received another award of the Order of Saint Andrew the First-Called, crossed swords would surmount the centre medallion of the Star. The Star could be embellished with diamonds where the Tsar bestowed the senior class of the Order.  Stars of the Order varied between  76 and 90 mm.  (Please check for availability and pricing).
 
a) Order of Saint Andrew Star: b) Order of Saint Andrew Star with Swords:
   

   

 

c) Order of Saint Andrew Star with Crown:
   


 


   
d) Order of Saint Andrew Star with Facets: e) Order of Saint Andrew Star with Brilliants: